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Injuries

MMA Gloves Produced 4-5 Times Greater Peak Force And 5 Times Faster Load Rate Compared To The Boxing Glove

Iain MacMillan

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The build and shape of the gloves worn by fighters has been a hot topic among MMA fans for as long as the sport has been in existence. Different organizations have tried different styles, with all of them striving for a glove that gives the athlete grappling abilities while also protecting their hands from damage. Being able to keep an athlete from eye poking their opponent, whether it be accidental or on purpose, is another component that a lot of people look for in a well designed MMA glove. But what about the lack of protection for the opponent who is receiving the punch? Due to the fact that fighters need to grapple, the gloves are much smaller and lighter than the gloves worn by boxers. What sort of affect does this have on things like peak force (how hard one punches)?

How much damage does one receive when fighting with MMA gloves and are there better options? In a study done at the University of Waterloo, by Benjamin Lee and Stuart McGill, it was found that MMA gloves have a MUCH higher peak force than boxing gloves. They concluded that:

“MMA gloves produced 4-5 times great peak force and 5 times faster load rate compared to the boxing glove. However, MMA gloves also showed signs material fatigue, with peak force increasing by 35% and rate of loading increasing by 60% over the duration of the test. Boxing globe characteristics did deteriorate but to a lesser extent In summary, the kinetic properties of MMA glove differed substantially from the boxing glove resulting in impacts characterized by higher peak forces and more rapid development of force. Material properties including stiffness and thickness play a role in the kinetic characteristics upon impact, and can be inferred to alter injury mechanisms of blunt force trauma.”

The National Post released this graph that shows the high number of traumatic brain injuries in various sports. The key number in this graph is the lower percentage of brain injuries in boxing. Could this be due to more well-padded gloves?

While many people may think that better padded gloves are the solution to the problem, there is another option that is not usually considered. What if the fighters went back to bare knuckle brawling? Your initial thoughts on this are most likely that less protection on the hands would lead to the punches being harder, but that may not be the case.

When gloves were introduced to the UFC, fights resulting in knockout increased from 1% to 10%. This could be due to a number of factors, but it is most likely the case that if your hands aren’t protected you are most likely to throw fewer punches with less force simply due to not wanting to break your hand. It is similar to the argument that football should go back to leather helmets. Protective gear can give athletes a false sense of security, and maybe if that gear is lessened or taken away they will be more aware of the potential damage. While bare knuckle brawling would make MMA even less socially accepted than what it is already, it is clear that the gloves of today have lots of room to be improved in areas of injury prevention.

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1 Comment

1 Comment

  1. Stephen Howson

    Stephen Howson

    January 7, 2015 at 10:43 am

    The most dangerous introduction to boxing was the glove. Makes sense. I don’t think we can remove gloves from MMA, though. It’s just a tough game and we need to be sensible in how we approach it.

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Injuries

Paige VanZant Breaks arm in 1st Round of UFC St. Louis bout and continues to fight (Picture)

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UFC St. Louis already began the weekend on an odd note. Two fights canceled, and three fighters missed weight. What was already an exciting, yet puzzling main card, fell into a paper shredder and promptly glued back together. As opposed to Uriah Hall vs. Vitor Belfort, in the co-main event, fans who tuned in received Paige VanZant vs. Jessica-Rose Clark. This shifting of walk-out times also awarded St. Louis-native Michael Johnson, the main card booking he desired.

The UFC’s preliminary journey to St. Louis, only took the promotion 25 years. The event’s success, in the opined of the local crowd, rode waves of disengagement to maddening decibel levels. Yet, the stories followed a fever pitch of a mimicked yearly Apple stock charts. Most impressive was the 23-year-old superstar, Paige VanZant.

Oregonian, VanZant, made her highly anticipated flyweight debut Sunday night, against Australian Jessica-Rose Clark. Unfortunately, the former Dancing with the Stars contestant suffered a broken arm less than five minutes into her divisional debut. The broadcast learned about the possibility of her injury when the fighter herself told her corner just before the start of the final round. She confirmed the injury, later that night via Instagram. A post from her hospital bed spoke about the injury while showing the brutal displacement of her bone via x-ray.

The injury became clear after the final bell rang. VanZant bent at her waist and held her arm in agony, no longer able to conceal the pain. Even as the results came in, she positioned her arm into a non-existent sling. Incredibly, the new flyweight managed her way through two rounds, a lot of which, was spent on the ground. Jessica-Rose Clark at one point, had her opponent in a triangle/arm-bar, trapping and hyper-extending VanZant’s broken arm. Although the former UFC strawweight, ultimately lost via unanimous decision, her performance was not easily forgettable. Courage, determination, and perseverance prevailed for Paige VanZant, while the body failed her.

 

 

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Fight Announcements

Darren Stewart Among Changes made to UFC Winnipeg

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December 16th, the UFC will touch down in the cold Canadian city of Winnipeg, Manitoba. The third Canadian event for the promotion this year, lost its main event in the second week of November, Jose Aldo vs. Ricardo Lamas, when Aldo, replaced Frankie Edgar at last weekends pay-per-view event, UFC 218. Fortunately, Josh Emmett was booked last week, to replace Aldo. The former featherweight champion is not the only one whom won’t make the walk in Canada.

Several fighters on the card have been forced to withdraw. The UFC announced changes to card yesterday releasing an article, indicating the replacements. Justin Scoggins withdrew due to a spinal injury, otherwise known as, spinal process fracture.

According to the Winchester Hospital website, most of these injuries heal without long-term damage.

Replacing the injured Scoggins, the undefeated British prospect, Pietro Menga. “Pitbull” compiled a 13-0 record before signing with the UFC. Seven, by way of submission. The British newcomer will face Tim Elliot at flyweight. Elliot, winner of TUF 24: Tournament of Champions, has had a bitter-sweet return to the UFC. With a record of 1-2 since his return, he looks to put on a dominating performance in order to find his way back into title contention.

The other Brit to posthumously join the Winnipeg card, Darren Stewart. Stewart replaces Vitor Miranda, to fight Julian Marquez in the middleweight division, the news was originally announced by MMA Today’s Nolan King.

After entering the UFC with an undefeated record, Stewart has gone winless in his three bouts with the promotion. Twice he fought Francimar Barroso, winning their first match-up, only to have the decision overturned by the Brazilian MMA Athletic Commission (CABMMA) for an inadvertent headbutt.

His opponent, Julian Marquez, found his way to the UFC roster through, Dana White’s Tuesday Night Contender Series. Marquez, knocked out his opponent, Phil Hawes, in the second round. Nicknamed, “the Cuban Missile Crisis”,  he dominated his opponent, taking him down twice in the round before cleanly landing a head kick as Hawes, stood up against the fence.

The final change to the card comes in the welterweight division. Oddly enough, the opponents of both, Danny Roberts and Nordine Taleb, withdrew. Roberts and Taleb instead, will fight each other, as reported by Nolan King as well.

Hopefully, Canada’s final UFC event of the year proceeds with its twelve scheduled bouts. UFC Winnipeg takes place at the Bell MTS Place, in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada on December 16th. The card features, Robbie Lawler vs. Rafael Dos Anjos, in the main event, elsewhere on the main card, Santiago Ponzinibbio takes on fan favorite Mike Perry.

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Announcement

Sijara Eubanks out of TUF 26 Finale, Roxanne Modafferi steps in on short notice

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Sijara Eubanks (2-2 MMA, 0-0 UFC)  is out of The Ultimate Fighter: A New World Champion finale. In her absence the UFC has announced that #1 ranked TUF 26 semifinalist, Roxanne Modafferi (21-13 MMA, 0-0 UFC) will be stepping up to fight Nicco Montano for the inaugural women’s flyweight championship.

Modafferi lost to Eubanks in the very last episode of TUF, she was then set to fight fellow castmember Barb Honchak in the finale that takes place on December 1. Early Thursday afternoon, Sijara has forced to pull out of the fight giving Roxanne the opportunity to fight for the championship against Nicco Montano

UFC released an official statement about the change courtesy of MMA Junkie “Due to medical issues, Sijara Eubanks, was hospitalized Thursday morning and has been pulled from her bout against Nicco Montano at Friday’s The Ultimate Fighter Finale. Stepping in for Eubanks to fight in the inaugural UFC women’s flyweight championship bout will be Ultimate Fighter 26 semifinalist Roxanne Modafferi.”

Honchak will now likely be facing TUF 26 alternate Lauren Murphy on December 2. Murphy lost her opponent Priscila Cachoeira after Cachoeira failed to get a visa for the fight.

Eubanks has taken to her personal Instagram to put out a statement to her fans. In the post, she writes, “First of all, I’m a champion. Point blank. I will be UFC champion, but it’s God’s will that it won’t be Friday night. I’m a gangster and I’ve cut more weight than most male fighters, and unfortunately, there were some miscalculations this cut, no excuses, I worked my ass off and went out on my shield. I was hospitalized early this morning for kidney failure but best believe I’ma be right back training and right back after that belt. This game is full of ups and downs, true champs know that and bounce back. Nicco and Roxanne I’m sure will have a great fight and best wishes to both those ladies. True class, those two. Nothing changes, I’m still the queen and I will claim my throne.
Thank you to all my coaches, friends and family and the wonderful staff at UFC.
God is good and I am truly blessed.”

The entire fight card to date is as follows:

  • Roxanne Modaferri vs Nicco Montano
  • Emily Whitmire vs Gillian Robertson
  • Barb Honchak vs Lauren Murphy
  • Ariel Beck vs Shana Dobson
  • DeAnna Bennett vs Melinda Fabian
  • Rachael Ostovich vs Karine Gevorgyan
  • Montana De La Rosa vs Christina Marks
  • Sean O’Malley vs Terrion Ware
  • Eric Spicely vs Gerald Meerschaert
  •  Joe Soto vs Brett Johns

The Ultimate Fighter 26 Finale “A Champion Will Be Crowned” is still set to take place Dec.1st at The Park Theater, Paradise Nevada.

 

 

 

 

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