I have a cousin. It was his junior year of high school, and as a wide receiver on the football team he wanted to spend his off season increasing his speed with the track team. There was only one problem though, he wasn’t fast enough to beat the trial time. He wasn’t a junky, a punk, or a fuck up, but he needed some help if he wanted to make that extra second to make the track team. His friends came to his help and he took a bump of cocaine before heading to his try out. To this day he describes the idea as completely moronic and utterly stupid. When he describes the sensation of sprinting on cocaine he makes it sound as if his arteries were going to explode through his face as he cleared the finish line with his flailing husk of a body. He didn’t die though. A splash of water on his face, he caught his breath, and he made the team.
In the after shame of Jon Jones’ cocaine loaded drug test results, MMA fans are debating the purpose of party drugs within the recreational regiment of a world class super athlete. Should DC be ashamed that he lost to crack head? No wonder Jon “Blow” Jones was an asshole this whole time! Jesus, was he stoked on coke when he went into the cage with Cormier? How the hell does a coke head even get that far in the UFC? Why the fuck should we even care about how an athlete parties in their spare time?
To clear up some of these questions I decided to speak with Dr. Jen Case (PHD in Sports Nutrition, BJJ Brown Belt, MMA Fighter, Two Time BJJ Worlds Absolute Purple Belt Champion, and all around bad ass) to discuss the logistics on how one would go about winning a fight while fully jacked on coke.
First off, can cocaine be beneficial for a fighter in a physically competitive MMA fight?
In theory, yes. Obviously this in not something we research in a laboratory, but given the fact the cocaine is a powerful stimulant; it could have a beneficial effect on athletic performance.
Physiologically speaking, what benefits would one gain from being loaded on coke during a fight?
One of the main reasons that athletes takes stimulates of any kind is to increase alertness. Almost all pre-workout supplements have some kind of stimulant in them. The athlete takes a pre-workout to feel more awake or energetic during their training session. If you are more alert during a fight, you can see opening sooner, setup your attacks faster and response to your opponents attacks faster. In terms of energy, we’ve all rolled against an “energizer bunny”; they never seem to get tired. Stimulates can increase that energy level by increasing blood flow and oxygen delivery to working tissues. Allowing the athlete to not feel the onset of fatigue.
“Basically [cocaine] magnifies the fight or flight response: vasoconstriction to non-essential tissue (stomach, intestines, etc.), vasodilation to muscle, dilated pupils, increased core temperature, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, and increased respiratory rate.”
How does the cocaine stimulate these sort of physiological responses?
Cocaine is a central nervous system stimulant. Caffeine another central nervous system stimulate, so when you consider the effects of cocaine on the body, just imagine taking in mega doses of caffeine then quadruple that. Basically it magnifies the fight or flight response: vasoconstriction to non-essential tissue (stomach, intestines, etc.), vasodilation to muscle, dilated pupils, increased core temperature, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, and increased respiratory rate. What does that mean for athletic performance?
Vasoconstriction to non-essential tissue – redirects blood flow to working muscles, lungs, heart, etc, allowing these organs to work more efficiently.
Vasodilation to muscle – increases blood flow to working muscles, this results in an increase in energy production in the muscle and an increase in the removal of by-products of energy production (these by-products can cause fatigue if allowed to build up, so the removal of them inhibits the onset of muscle fatigue)
Dilated pupils – increases visual awareness for what is directly in front of you and peripheral vision. Basically, you can see EVERYTHING
Increased core temp – not going to cause a huge improvement to performance, in fact could hinder performance if it gets too high. Organs do not function well when they are outside of the 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit
Increase heart rate & blood pressure – increase rate and amount of blood being delivered to working tissues.
Increase respiratory rate – Increases the intake of oxygen and removal of CO2. When paired with the increase in heart rate & blood pressure it increase the rate of oxygen delivery and removal of CO2 from working tissue. Again, allowing for greater energy production in working tissues
“If you inject the cocaine, the effects peak after about 15 minute and last for about an hour.”
If one were to enter a fight while “jacked on coke” when would be the best time to administer the drug (for peak performance) and what quantities would be ideal?
Lol, well that depends on how you administer the cocaine. In an article written by Avios et al, they discussed the effects of cocaine based on animal studies and accounts from individuals in rehab.
If you inject the cocaine, the effects peak after about 15 minute and last for about an hour.
If you choose to snort cocaine, the effects peak at again 15 minutes and only last 30 minutes.
If smoked, the effects of cocaine are much shorter with peak effects occurring after 5 minutes and diminishing after only 10 minutes.
What are the health hazards involved while fighting on cocaine? Is there a real danger of having your heart explode?
Well….I mean you could die, no biggy. The main hazard is the accelerated heart rate and blood pressure.
Your heart is a muscle and just like your biceps, if you work it too hard it will stop contracting. The main difference is if your biceps stop contracting you drop a dumbbell. You heart stops contracting the blood flow to the body stops and you die.
An increase in blood pressure puts a great deal of pressure on your arteries. If there are any existing clots in the arteries the increase in blood pressure can dislodge a clot. This can result in the clot blocking a smaller artery going to the heart, lungs or brain. Which would result in a heart attack, pulmonary embolism or stroke…and then you die. If there are weaken spots in the arteries, the increase in pressure can cause a rupture the weaken area….and then you die.
” Normal physical activity stresses the heart. This is typically considered a positive form of stress. However, if you pair this stress with extreme stress of cocaine, you putting you cardiac health is serious jeopardy.”
Stepping away from the immediate combative advantages of cocaine are there any potential training benefits that one could gain from using cocaine?
Yes, for all the reasons listed above. But, there is a very real possibility that you could die. Normal physical activity stresses the heart. This is typically considered a positive form of stress. However, if you pair this stress with extreme stress of cocaine, you putting you cardiac health is serious jeopardy.
“According to the NIH, one of the long term effects of chronic cocaine use is loss of appetite and malnourishment. It would be kind of hard to perform athletically if you have limited muscle mass.”
Generally is cocaine detrimental to one’s training regiment?
According to the NIH, one of the long term effects of chronic cocaine use is loss of appetite and malnourishment. It would be kind of hard to perform athletically if you have limited muscle mass. Also, you have to consider the potential damage to your heart when you place it under chronically high levels of stress
How would cocaine effect things like muscle recovery, muscle gains, or even work load output in a training environment?
Due to the potential malnourishment, it would have a huge effect. In order for muscle growth and repair to occur, you need to take in excess calories, protein, carbohydrates and fats. If your body is wasting away due to malnourishment is it impossible for any type of growth and repair to occur in any of your tissues.
Are there current readily available over the counter products that attempt to approach, meet, or even exceed the physiological training advantages of cocaine?
Caffeine. It is legal and a mild central nervous system stimulant. It will have the same effects of cocaine, but not the same magnitude. You’ll feel the increase in the fight or flight response, just not to the same level of cocaine induced effects.
Overall, do you think that recreational cocaine usage can have a measured place in a world class atheletes training regiment?
It’s a hell of a way to make weight, but I don’t think it is necessary. The ergogenic effects can be achieved through safer and legal means. If you are going to do it, it is a highly addictive drug. Be cautious. At the end of the day it’s your life and your decision.
Dana White gives update on Conor McGregor and the lightweight division
The top end of the UFC’s lightweight division is thriving. Dustin Poirer defeated former division champion Anthony Pettis, in dominant fashion. Tony Ferguson won the lightweight division’s interim title by carving Kevin Lee from his back. Safe to say, no everyday person would ever want to see Khabib Nurmagomedov down a damp and dark alley. Don’t forget, the gutsy performance of Eddie Alvarez stealing Justin Gaethje’s undefeated record away. The division is thriving like gas attempting to escape a shaken champagne bottle.
On Friday, UFC President, Dana White, spoke to Kevin Iole of Yahoo! Sports, about a number of topics. One, which came up fairly quickly; Conor McGregor and his stranglehold on the lightweight belt. The pair began talking about recent performances inside the octagon when the illustrious name of, Khabib Nurmagomedov, came up. White claimed, “Conor always finds a way to win. When he hits you, you go…”. Then speaking of the potential bout between Nurmagomedov and McGregor, “I love that matchup but, Tony Ferguson is the interim champion. Conor and I haven’t really figured out when he’s coming back and what’s going on…”. He continued, “I don’t think Conor wants to fight until August, but if he waits until August or September, that’s around two years since the belt has been defended and that can’t happen”.
Iole followed up by asking, due to circumstances, does McGregor owe it to the sport to defend his title? The UFC president agreed, “And to the other fighters. Not only to the sport but, to the other fighters. This is a game of time… when you’re a professional athlete, time is your enemy and we can’t let this thing go on forever and not give other guys the opportunity. Tony Ferguson has been around for a long time and has earned his dues, Khabib has earned his dues… Conor has done very well, he’s made a lot of money, and if he decides that he doesn’t want to fight again for another however long that’s up to him… but, the belt has to move on… we gotta figure some stuff out here in the next couple months”.
It only makes sense that the UFC wants progression in the one-hundred and fifty-five lb. division. Even without their massive revenue generator, the division must move on. Athletes like Nurmagomedov may be relatively unknown outside the MMA community in the United States but, his official Instagram page holds 3.2 million followers. While Tony Ferguson may not hold online notoriety, he does have an exciting style. A style that could win a good many of fans, the more exposure he receives.
For White, one of these two men must fight for the division’s championship title. When asked about what is next, he stated, “As long as Conor is willing to fight by March, we could do Khabib versus Tony and then the winner fights Conor… or Conor doesn’t wanna fight and wants to sit out till next fall. Then we would have to make Khabib vs. Tony for the title”.
Time can be the only truth serum in this particular situation. The UFC brass has spoken of forcing McGregor to vacate his lightweight title for some time. Yet, nothing has happened. On the other hand, it would be more than surprising to see the division’s belt sit on the shelf for another year. Considering it all, including the status of contenders and depth of the division, the bottleneck created by one man never ceases to amaze.
Exclusive: Neil Magny: “It’s going to come down to fighting tooth and nail”
On Saturday, December 30th, Neil Magny steps back into the Octagon as he takes on the returning Carlos Condit. Magny’s had a rough past couple of months as the 6’3 welterweight has alternated wins and losses as well as fighting a lot less than usual. Magny was known as one of the most active fighters on the UFC roster until injuries started to take away from his time in the cage.
Welcoming Magny back to the cage is a man who is also making his return after a long layoff, Carlos Condit. Fans and even Magny have been waiting a long time for the fight to come together.
“I love this fight, this a fight I’ve been chasing for nearly two years now,” Magny told MMA Latest. “The fight’s going to be happening this Saturday and I’m excited for it.”
Condit hasn’t competed since he lost to Demian Maia back in August 2016. The Jackson-Wink product lost via first round rear-naked choke, the loss prompted a semi-retirement that left everyone unsure if he would ever return. The time spent away from the cage could potentially bring upon the universally hated “ring-rust”.
“Not at all,” Magny said as he shot down any talks of ring-rust. “I mean, if anything, I would be more affected by ring rust than he is. I mean, I’m a guy who likes to compete all throughout the years. This is the least amount of fights I’ve had in a year- in awhile- I don’t think the ring rust will be a factor at all and I can’t let that allow me to think that this fight will be easier because of that.”
With Condit’s return being the big story in this fight, it’s easy to think Magny’s been swept under the rug. The fan-favorite has been loved for his tendency to turn every fight into a brawl and putting everything on the line. The hype and excitement haven’t lead Magny to believe he’s being overlooked.
“Not all,” Magny says with a shrug. “I don’t feel like I’m being overlooked in this fight at all. There’s a lot of pressure, a lot of hype around Condit going into this fight. But yeah I don’t consider it a bad thing at all. I know I’m focused on what I need to do and I spend most of my time focusing on that rather than the other possibilities or what media attention is drawn to that kind of thing.”
Condit’s tendency to turn his fights into brawls is something Magny’s comfortable with, as technique and advantages tend to fly out the window. The Colorado native is honest about where his strengths are.
“This is a fight where it’s going to be a fight and turn into a brawl and were going to fight tooth and nail,” Magny said. “Going into this fight I don’t have the grappling advantage, the submission advantage, I don’t have the significant striking advantage. So anywhere this fight goes it’s not going to be one guy just outclassing the other guy. I know it’s going to come down to fighting tooth and nail or anything that will win this fight. So that’s something that I’m looking forward to the most- going out there and allowing this fight to go down successfully.”
Magny’s rough patch continued in his last fight when he lost to former lightweight champion Rafael dos Anjos by submission. While a good chunk of fighters have a tendency to dwell on losses, Magny’s moved on and, more importantly, he’s learned from his mistakes.
“I could backtrack and pick the fight apart and find a thousand things I did wrong and things I could’ve done differently,” Magny begin to explain. “But at the end of the day, it is what it is. There’s nothing I can do to change the outcome of the fight, all I can do is make sure I’m as prepared as I can be for this fight. That’s what I’ve been spending my time focusing on as well as covering every angle going into this fight mentally, physically, and emotionally. Everything I need to do to be successful in this fight I’ll do it.”
Although Magny’s moved on from the loss, that hasn’t stopped him from making changes in his lead up to fights.
“Since my last fight one of the main things I changed in my training camp was the use of a sports physiatrist,” Magny said. “I noticed for these last four fights I got myself into tough positions all three have been lackluster fights that I wasn’t too proud of. Coming into this fight we’ll be sure to work on all angles and we’ll see if the talks and working with a sports physiologist will make a difference. I have no idea but the thing about it is that I want to be as prepared as possible.”
Welterweight contender Kamaru Usman claimed that Magny was going to fight him, that is until Magny accepted the fight with Condit.
“No, nothing was ever set for Usman and I to ever fight,” Magny said. “I was in a position where I was coming off a loss and it didn’t matter who I fought next. I was just eager to get that nasty taste out of my mouth from the last fight. So he’s done his usual call me out on Twitter call me out on Instagram wherever he could I was just like ‘meh whatever, if you really want to fight me I’m available, I’m interested in doing it right away’ so why not take the matchup sooner and get the taste out of my mouth.”
Although the fight with Usman isn’t happening, the fight with Condit definitely is. So what does Magny predict?
“I see me going out there and just winning any way I see,” Magny said. “Whether its a decision where we go back and forth and go all out war, or me getting the TKO, submission, or knockout. I mean, I’m just looking forward to going out there and getting my hand raised.”
UFC 219’s Dan Hooker: Fighting in Perth Would Be an “Ideal Situation.”
New Zealander Dan ‘The Hangman’ Hooker is somewhat of a UFC veteran these days. On the 30th December Hooker will make his eighth UFC appearance, facing Marc Diakiese at UFC 219 in Las Vegas.
The card is a marquee event with some of the biggest names in the sport competing, but Hooker isn’t letting the magnitude of the event affect his preparation.
“It’s something you can look back on tell people you fought on a big card in Las Vegas, so it’s a milestone,” the Kiwi explained. “But when you’re focused on it you have to take every fight as just another fight. You can’t let the moment overwhelm you, or distract you.”
Hooker admitted to not knowing much about his opponent, Englishman, Diakiese, when the fight was announced. “I hadn’t seen him fight before we got matched, but he’s a big name in the UK so I’m looking forward to it”
Twenty-seven year old Hooker is just happy to fight. He had planned on fighting in Sydney this past November. “I had an infection in my knee which ruled me out of Sydney. I’m glad they can get me on [a card] before the end of the year.”
The Kiwi last fought at home on the UFC Auckland card in June, defeating veteran Ross Pearson with a devastating knee that KO’d his foe in round two. A fight that proved he belonged with the best in the world.
“It’s where I believe my skills are at. I’m showing everyone else what I know I’m capable of,” he said of the fight. “I think I’m capable of much more so I’m looking forward to getting back in there and doing it all again.”
The Pearson bout was Hooker’s first in the UFC’s lightweight division, having fought his first six bouts at featherweight, ten pounds below at 145 pounds. Hooker now intends to make 155 his home, and isn’t concerned about size difference.
“I’m not going back to 145, 155 is where it’s at. I’m more likely to go up than down,” Hooker said. “I just feel my skills have caught up, even if someone is carrying more size than me, I can beat them with my skill.”
There has been scrutiny in recent times due to weight cutting in the sport and new rules have been implemented by the UFC and various commissions to make to process safer. But not much is different, according to Hooker.
“It hasn’t changed anything. The bigger guys are still here and still cutting the same amount of weight.” Hooker also expressed his concern that more divisions would do more harm than good.
“You might get the opposite effect where guys are coming down even further, thinking its not ten pounds of weight, it’s only five pounds. Everyone needs to move up a weight class and fight at their natural weight. Lifestyle wise and longevity wise it’s going to pay off.”
A big reason why 155 is where it’s at is because of Conor McGregor. McGregor is currently the champion in Hooker’s division, yet he has been inactive for over a year and shows no signs in returning any time soon. Hooker isn’t holding his breath on the prospect of the Irishman fighting again.
“I’m not getting off the couch with a 100 million dollars in the bank, I’ll tell you that. I’ve never seen a fat lion running around chasing antelope in the desert, it just doesn’t happen,” Hooker joked.
While Hooker doesn’t see the UFC stripping McGregor anytime soon, he’s indifferent about the use of interim belts in the UFC. Tony Ferguson is the current interim champion in the lightweight division and Hooker thinks he should be next in line.
“The UFC have offered Tony [Ferguson] to defend his interim title. Defending an interim title is where I draw the line. It should be your golden ticket to a title shot, or don’t hand it out”
Interim titles aside, the stage is set for the New Zealander at UFC 219 in front of a large global audience. He aims to make his way up the lightweight ladder towards a prestigious top 15 spot on the roster.
Hooker is one of a few New Zealand based fighters making a run in the UFC. Shane Young made his debut this year, as did Luke Jumeau. Both often train alongside Hooker at City Kickboxing in Auckland. Hooker also suggested that the undefeated striker, Israel Adesanya will be next Kiwi fighter to join the UFC roster.
“The New Zealand market has quite a big talent pool and we’re able to get multiple New Zealand fighters in the UFC. It’s a really good sign.”
As for 2018, Hooker isn’t looking too far ahead as the nature of the sport of MMA means an injury can be just around the corner. If Hooker does come out unscathed – and victorious – then he has a plan in mind.
“I’d like to fight as soon as possible. I’d like to catch up to the Aussies and New Zealanders who got to fight in Sydney and will be fighting in Perth. If I can catch up in Perth then that would be the ideal situation.”
The Perth card would certainly make sense for Hooker. A win against Diakiese would give him his first win streak of his UFC career and set him up for even bigger fights in 2018. For now, Hooker is focused on his English opponent and ending his year on a high.
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